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/wp-includes/ -> class-wp-image-editor-gd.php (source)

   1  <?php
   2  /**
   3   * WordPress GD Image Editor
   4   *
   5   * @package WordPress
   6   * @subpackage Image_Editor
   7   */
   8  
   9  /**
  10   * WordPress Image Editor Class for Image Manipulation through GD
  11   *
  12   * @since 3.5.0
  13   *
  14   * @see WP_Image_Editor
  15   */
  16  class WP_Image_Editor_GD extends WP_Image_Editor {
  17      /**
  18       * GD Resource.
  19       *
  20       * @var resource|GdImage
  21       */
  22      protected $image;
  23  
  24  	public function __destruct() {
  25          if ( $this->image ) {
  26              // We don't need the original in memory anymore.
  27              imagedestroy( $this->image );
  28          }
  29      }
  30  
  31      /**
  32       * Checks to see if current environment supports GD.
  33       *
  34       * @since 3.5.0
  35       *
  36       * @param array $args
  37       * @return bool
  38       */
  39  	public static function test( $args = array() ) {
  40          if ( ! extension_loaded( 'gd' ) || ! function_exists( 'gd_info' ) ) {
  41              return false;
  42          }
  43  
  44          // On some setups GD library does not provide imagerotate() - Ticket #11536.
  45          if ( isset( $args['methods'] ) &&
  46              in_array( 'rotate', $args['methods'], true ) &&
  47              ! function_exists( 'imagerotate' ) ) {
  48  
  49                  return false;
  50          }
  51  
  52          return true;
  53      }
  54  
  55      /**
  56       * Checks to see if editor supports the mime-type specified.
  57       *
  58       * @since 3.5.0
  59       *
  60       * @param string $mime_type
  61       * @return bool
  62       */
  63  	public static function supports_mime_type( $mime_type ) {
  64          $image_types = imagetypes();
  65          switch ( $mime_type ) {
  66              case 'image/jpeg':
  67                  return ( $image_types & IMG_JPG ) != 0;
  68              case 'image/png':
  69                  return ( $image_types & IMG_PNG ) != 0;
  70              case 'image/gif':
  71                  return ( $image_types & IMG_GIF ) != 0;
  72              case 'image/webp':
  73                  return ( $image_types & IMG_WEBP ) != 0; // phpcs:ignore PHPCompatibility.Constants.NewConstants.img_webpFound
  74          }
  75  
  76          return false;
  77      }
  78  
  79      /**
  80       * Loads image from $this->file into new GD Resource.
  81       *
  82       * @since 3.5.0
  83       *
  84       * @return true|WP_Error True if loaded successfully; WP_Error on failure.
  85       */
  86  	public function load() {
  87          if ( $this->image ) {
  88              return true;
  89          }
  90  
  91          if ( ! is_file( $this->file ) && ! preg_match( '|^https?://|', $this->file ) ) {
  92              return new WP_Error( 'error_loading_image', __( 'File doesn&#8217;t exist?' ), $this->file );
  93          }
  94  
  95          // Set artificially high because GD uses uncompressed images in memory.
  96          wp_raise_memory_limit( 'image' );
  97  
  98          $file_contents = @file_get_contents( $this->file );
  99  
 100          if ( ! $file_contents ) {
 101              return new WP_Error( 'error_loading_image', __( 'File doesn&#8217;t exist?' ), $this->file );
 102          }
 103  
 104          // WebP may not work with imagecreatefromstring().
 105          if (
 106              function_exists( 'imagecreatefromwebp' ) &&
 107              ( 'image/webp' === wp_get_image_mime( $this->file ) )
 108          ) {
 109              $this->image = @imagecreatefromwebp( $this->file );
 110          } else {
 111              $this->image = @imagecreatefromstring( $file_contents );
 112          }
 113  
 114          if ( ! is_gd_image( $this->image ) ) {
 115              return new WP_Error( 'invalid_image', __( 'File is not an image.' ), $this->file );
 116          }
 117  
 118          $size = wp_getimagesize( $this->file );
 119  
 120          if ( ! $size ) {
 121              return new WP_Error( 'invalid_image', __( 'Could not read image size.' ), $this->file );
 122          }
 123  
 124          if ( function_exists( 'imagealphablending' ) && function_exists( 'imagesavealpha' ) ) {
 125              imagealphablending( $this->image, false );
 126              imagesavealpha( $this->image, true );
 127          }
 128  
 129          $this->update_size( $size[0], $size[1] );
 130          $this->mime_type = $size['mime'];
 131  
 132          return $this->set_quality();
 133      }
 134  
 135      /**
 136       * Sets or updates current image size.
 137       *
 138       * @since 3.5.0
 139       *
 140       * @param int $width
 141       * @param int $height
 142       * @return true
 143       */
 144  	protected function update_size( $width = false, $height = false ) {
 145          if ( ! $width ) {
 146              $width = imagesx( $this->image );
 147          }
 148  
 149          if ( ! $height ) {
 150              $height = imagesy( $this->image );
 151          }
 152  
 153          return parent::update_size( $width, $height );
 154      }
 155  
 156      /**
 157       * Resizes current image.
 158       *
 159       * Wraps `::_resize()` which returns a GD resource or GdImage instance.
 160       *
 161       * At minimum, either a height or width must be provided. If one of the two is set
 162       * to null, the resize will maintain aspect ratio according to the provided dimension.
 163       *
 164       * @since 3.5.0
 165       *
 166       * @param int|null $max_w Image width.
 167       * @param int|null $max_h Image height.
 168       * @param bool     $crop
 169       * @return true|WP_Error
 170       */
 171  	public function resize( $max_w, $max_h, $crop = false ) {
 172          if ( ( $this->size['width'] == $max_w ) && ( $this->size['height'] == $max_h ) ) {
 173              return true;
 174          }
 175  
 176          $resized = $this->_resize( $max_w, $max_h, $crop );
 177  
 178          if ( is_gd_image( $resized ) ) {
 179              imagedestroy( $this->image );
 180              $this->image = $resized;
 181              return true;
 182  
 183          } elseif ( is_wp_error( $resized ) ) {
 184              return $resized;
 185          }
 186  
 187          return new WP_Error( 'image_resize_error', __( 'Image resize failed.' ), $this->file );
 188      }
 189  
 190      /**
 191       * @param int        $max_w
 192       * @param int        $max_h
 193       * @param bool|array $crop
 194       * @return resource|GdImage|WP_Error
 195       */
 196  	protected function _resize( $max_w, $max_h, $crop = false ) {
 197          $dims = image_resize_dimensions( $this->size['width'], $this->size['height'], $max_w, $max_h, $crop );
 198  
 199          if ( ! $dims ) {
 200              return new WP_Error( 'error_getting_dimensions', __( 'Could not calculate resized image dimensions' ), $this->file );
 201          }
 202  
 203          list( $dst_x, $dst_y, $src_x, $src_y, $dst_w, $dst_h, $src_w, $src_h ) = $dims;
 204  
 205          $resized = wp_imagecreatetruecolor( $dst_w, $dst_h );
 206          imagecopyresampled( $resized, $this->image, $dst_x, $dst_y, $src_x, $src_y, $dst_w, $dst_h, $src_w, $src_h );
 207  
 208          if ( is_gd_image( $resized ) ) {
 209              $this->update_size( $dst_w, $dst_h );
 210              return $resized;
 211          }
 212  
 213          return new WP_Error( 'image_resize_error', __( 'Image resize failed.' ), $this->file );
 214      }
 215  
 216      /**
 217       * Create multiple smaller images from a single source.
 218       *
 219       * Attempts to create all sub-sizes and returns the meta data at the end. This
 220       * may result in the server running out of resources. When it fails there may be few
 221       * "orphaned" images left over as the meta data is never returned and saved.
 222       *
 223       * As of 5.3.0 the preferred way to do this is with `make_subsize()`. It creates
 224       * the new images one at a time and allows for the meta data to be saved after
 225       * each new image is created.
 226       *
 227       * @since 3.5.0
 228       *
 229       * @param array $sizes {
 230       *     An array of image size data arrays.
 231       *
 232       *     Either a height or width must be provided.
 233       *     If one of the two is set to null, the resize will
 234       *     maintain aspect ratio according to the source image.
 235       *
 236       *     @type array $size {
 237       *         Array of height, width values, and whether to crop.
 238       *
 239       *         @type int  $width  Image width. Optional if `$height` is specified.
 240       *         @type int  $height Image height. Optional if `$width` is specified.
 241       *         @type bool $crop   Optional. Whether to crop the image. Default false.
 242       *     }
 243       * }
 244       * @return array An array of resized images' metadata by size.
 245       */
 246  	public function multi_resize( $sizes ) {
 247          $metadata = array();
 248  
 249          foreach ( $sizes as $size => $size_data ) {
 250              $meta = $this->make_subsize( $size_data );
 251  
 252              if ( ! is_wp_error( $meta ) ) {
 253                  $metadata[ $size ] = $meta;
 254              }
 255          }
 256  
 257          return $metadata;
 258      }
 259  
 260      /**
 261       * Create an image sub-size and return the image meta data value for it.
 262       *
 263       * @since 5.3.0
 264       *
 265       * @param array $size_data {
 266       *     Array of size data.
 267       *
 268       *     @type int  $width  The maximum width in pixels.
 269       *     @type int  $height The maximum height in pixels.
 270       *     @type bool $crop   Whether to crop the image to exact dimensions.
 271       * }
 272       * @return array|WP_Error The image data array for inclusion in the `sizes` array in the image meta,
 273       *                        WP_Error object on error.
 274       */
 275  	public function make_subsize( $size_data ) {
 276          if ( ! isset( $size_data['width'] ) && ! isset( $size_data['height'] ) ) {
 277              return new WP_Error( 'image_subsize_create_error', __( 'Cannot resize the image. Both width and height are not set.' ) );
 278          }
 279  
 280          $orig_size = $this->size;
 281  
 282          if ( ! isset( $size_data['width'] ) ) {
 283              $size_data['width'] = null;
 284          }
 285  
 286          if ( ! isset( $size_data['height'] ) ) {
 287              $size_data['height'] = null;
 288          }
 289  
 290          if ( ! isset( $size_data['crop'] ) ) {
 291              $size_data['crop'] = false;
 292          }
 293  
 294          $resized = $this->_resize( $size_data['width'], $size_data['height'], $size_data['crop'] );
 295  
 296          if ( is_wp_error( $resized ) ) {
 297              $saved = $resized;
 298          } else {
 299              $saved = $this->_save( $resized );
 300              imagedestroy( $resized );
 301          }
 302  
 303          $this->size = $orig_size;
 304  
 305          if ( ! is_wp_error( $saved ) ) {
 306              unset( $saved['path'] );
 307          }
 308  
 309          return $saved;
 310      }
 311  
 312      /**
 313       * Crops Image.
 314       *
 315       * @since 3.5.0
 316       *
 317       * @param int  $src_x   The start x position to crop from.
 318       * @param int  $src_y   The start y position to crop from.
 319       * @param int  $src_w   The width to crop.
 320       * @param int  $src_h   The height to crop.
 321       * @param int  $dst_w   Optional. The destination width.
 322       * @param int  $dst_h   Optional. The destination height.
 323       * @param bool $src_abs Optional. If the source crop points are absolute.
 324       * @return true|WP_Error
 325       */
 326  	public function crop( $src_x, $src_y, $src_w, $src_h, $dst_w = null, $dst_h = null, $src_abs = false ) {
 327          // If destination width/height isn't specified,
 328          // use same as width/height from source.
 329          if ( ! $dst_w ) {
 330              $dst_w = $src_w;
 331          }
 332          if ( ! $dst_h ) {
 333              $dst_h = $src_h;
 334          }
 335  
 336          foreach ( array( $src_w, $src_h, $dst_w, $dst_h ) as $value ) {
 337              if ( ! is_numeric( $value ) || (int) $value <= 0 ) {
 338                  return new WP_Error( 'image_crop_error', __( 'Image crop failed.' ), $this->file );
 339              }
 340          }
 341  
 342          $dst = wp_imagecreatetruecolor( (int) $dst_w, (int) $dst_h );
 343  
 344          if ( $src_abs ) {
 345              $src_w -= $src_x;
 346              $src_h -= $src_y;
 347          }
 348  
 349          if ( function_exists( 'imageantialias' ) ) {
 350              imageantialias( $dst, true );
 351          }
 352  
 353          imagecopyresampled( $dst, $this->image, 0, 0, (int) $src_x, (int) $src_y, (int) $dst_w, (int) $dst_h, (int) $src_w, (int) $src_h );
 354  
 355          if ( is_gd_image( $dst ) ) {
 356              imagedestroy( $this->image );
 357              $this->image = $dst;
 358              $this->update_size();
 359              return true;
 360          }
 361  
 362          return new WP_Error( 'image_crop_error', __( 'Image crop failed.' ), $this->file );
 363      }
 364  
 365      /**
 366       * Rotates current image counter-clockwise by $angle.
 367       * Ported from image-edit.php
 368       *
 369       * @since 3.5.0
 370       *
 371       * @param float $angle
 372       * @return true|WP_Error
 373       */
 374  	public function rotate( $angle ) {
 375          if ( function_exists( 'imagerotate' ) ) {
 376              $transparency = imagecolorallocatealpha( $this->image, 255, 255, 255, 127 );
 377              $rotated      = imagerotate( $this->image, $angle, $transparency );
 378  
 379              if ( is_gd_image( $rotated ) ) {
 380                  imagealphablending( $rotated, true );
 381                  imagesavealpha( $rotated, true );
 382                  imagedestroy( $this->image );
 383                  $this->image = $rotated;
 384                  $this->update_size();
 385                  return true;
 386              }
 387          }
 388  
 389          return new WP_Error( 'image_rotate_error', __( 'Image rotate failed.' ), $this->file );
 390      }
 391  
 392      /**
 393       * Flips current image.
 394       *
 395       * @since 3.5.0
 396       *
 397       * @param bool $horz Flip along Horizontal Axis.
 398       * @param bool $vert Flip along Vertical Axis.
 399       * @return true|WP_Error
 400       */
 401  	public function flip( $horz, $vert ) {
 402          $w   = $this->size['width'];
 403          $h   = $this->size['height'];
 404          $dst = wp_imagecreatetruecolor( $w, $h );
 405  
 406          if ( is_gd_image( $dst ) ) {
 407              $sx = $vert ? ( $w - 1 ) : 0;
 408              $sy = $horz ? ( $h - 1 ) : 0;
 409              $sw = $vert ? -$w : $w;
 410              $sh = $horz ? -$h : $h;
 411  
 412              if ( imagecopyresampled( $dst, $this->image, 0, 0, $sx, $sy, $w, $h, $sw, $sh ) ) {
 413                  imagedestroy( $this->image );
 414                  $this->image = $dst;
 415                  return true;
 416              }
 417          }
 418  
 419          return new WP_Error( 'image_flip_error', __( 'Image flip failed.' ), $this->file );
 420      }
 421  
 422      /**
 423       * Saves current in-memory image to file.
 424       *
 425       * @since 3.5.0
 426       * @since 5.9.0 Renamed `$filename` to `$destfilename` to match parent class
 427       *              for PHP 8 named parameter support.
 428       *
 429       * @param string|null $destfilename Optional. Destination filename. Default null.
 430       * @param string|null $mime_type    Optional. The mime-type. Default null.
 431       * @return array|WP_Error {'path'=>string, 'file'=>string, 'width'=>int, 'height'=>int, 'mime-type'=>string}
 432       */
 433  	public function save( $destfilename = null, $mime_type = null ) {
 434          $saved = $this->_save( $this->image, $destfilename, $mime_type );
 435  
 436          if ( ! is_wp_error( $saved ) ) {
 437              $this->file      = $saved['path'];
 438              $this->mime_type = $saved['mime-type'];
 439          }
 440  
 441          return $saved;
 442      }
 443  
 444      /**
 445       * @param resource|GdImage $image
 446       * @param string|null      $filename
 447       * @param string|null      $mime_type
 448       * @return array|WP_Error
 449       */
 450  	protected function _save( $image, $filename = null, $mime_type = null ) {
 451          list( $filename, $extension, $mime_type ) = $this->get_output_format( $filename, $mime_type );
 452  
 453          if ( ! $filename ) {
 454              $filename = $this->generate_filename( null, null, $extension );
 455          }
 456  
 457          if ( 'image/gif' === $mime_type ) {
 458              if ( ! $this->make_image( $filename, 'imagegif', array( $image, $filename ) ) ) {
 459                  return new WP_Error( 'image_save_error', __( 'Image Editor Save Failed' ) );
 460              }
 461          } elseif ( 'image/png' === $mime_type ) {
 462              // Convert from full colors to index colors, like original PNG.
 463              if ( function_exists( 'imageistruecolor' ) && ! imageistruecolor( $image ) ) {
 464                  imagetruecolortopalette( $image, false, imagecolorstotal( $image ) );
 465              }
 466  
 467              if ( ! $this->make_image( $filename, 'imagepng', array( $image, $filename ) ) ) {
 468                  return new WP_Error( 'image_save_error', __( 'Image Editor Save Failed' ) );
 469              }
 470          } elseif ( 'image/jpeg' === $mime_type ) {
 471              if ( ! $this->make_image( $filename, 'imagejpeg', array( $image, $filename, $this->get_quality() ) ) ) {
 472                  return new WP_Error( 'image_save_error', __( 'Image Editor Save Failed' ) );
 473              }
 474          } elseif ( 'image/webp' == $mime_type ) {
 475              if ( ! function_exists( 'imagewebp' ) || ! $this->make_image( $filename, 'imagewebp', array( $image, $filename, $this->get_quality() ) ) ) {
 476                  return new WP_Error( 'image_save_error', __( 'Image Editor Save Failed' ) );
 477              }
 478          } else {
 479              return new WP_Error( 'image_save_error', __( 'Image Editor Save Failed' ) );
 480          }
 481  
 482          // Set correct file permissions.
 483          $stat  = stat( dirname( $filename ) );
 484          $perms = $stat['mode'] & 0000666; // Same permissions as parent folder, strip off the executable bits.
 485          chmod( $filename, $perms );
 486  
 487          return array(
 488              'path'      => $filename,
 489              /**
 490               * Filters the name of the saved image file.
 491               *
 492               * @since 2.6.0
 493               *
 494               * @param string $filename Name of the file.
 495               */
 496              'file'      => wp_basename( apply_filters( 'image_make_intermediate_size', $filename ) ),
 497              'width'     => $this->size['width'],
 498              'height'    => $this->size['height'],
 499              'mime-type' => $mime_type,
 500          );
 501      }
 502  
 503      /**
 504       * Returns stream of current image.
 505       *
 506       * @since 3.5.0
 507       *
 508       * @param string $mime_type The mime type of the image.
 509       * @return bool True on success, false on failure.
 510       */
 511  	public function stream( $mime_type = null ) {
 512          list( $filename, $extension, $mime_type ) = $this->get_output_format( null, $mime_type );
 513  
 514          switch ( $mime_type ) {
 515              case 'image/png':
 516                  header( 'Content-Type: image/png' );
 517                  return imagepng( $this->image );
 518              case 'image/gif':
 519                  header( 'Content-Type: image/gif' );
 520                  return imagegif( $this->image );
 521              case 'image/webp':
 522                  if ( function_exists( 'imagewebp' ) ) {
 523                      header( 'Content-Type: image/webp' );
 524                      return imagewebp( $this->image, null, $this->get_quality() );
 525                  }
 526                  // Fall back to the default if webp isn't supported.
 527              default:
 528                  header( 'Content-Type: image/jpeg' );
 529                  return imagejpeg( $this->image, null, $this->get_quality() );
 530          }
 531      }
 532  
 533      /**
 534       * Either calls editor's save function or handles file as a stream.
 535       *
 536       * @since 3.5.0
 537       *
 538       * @param string   $filename
 539       * @param callable $function
 540       * @param array    $arguments
 541       * @return bool
 542       */
 543  	protected function make_image( $filename, $function, $arguments ) {
 544          if ( wp_is_stream( $filename ) ) {
 545              $arguments[1] = null;
 546          }
 547  
 548          return parent::make_image( $filename, $function, $arguments );
 549      }
 550  }


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